Beat Diabetes: Live long and healthy life:
According to WHO, 2014, 8.5% of adults aged 18 years and older had diabetes. In 2012 diabetes was the direct cause of 1.5 million deaths and high blood glucose was another cause of another 2.2 million deaths.
Diabetes is a chronic that occurs either when the pancreas does produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. Insulin is a hormone that regulates the blood sugar.
Hyperglycaemia, or raised blood sugar, is a common effect of uncontrolled diabetes over time to serious damage to many of the body systems, especially nerve and blood vessels.
WHO reports says almost half of all deaths attributable to high blood glucose occur before the age of 70 years old. It projects that diabetes will be the 7th leading cause of death by 2030.
Diabetes complications are generally caused by a gradual damage to blood vessels and nerves. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major complication of diabetes and the leading cause of death among diabetics. It damages the heart in many ways–the blockage of arteries supplying the blood to the heart which can lead to heart attacks, the damage to small arteries cause enlargement and poor functioning of the heart.
Similarly, diabetes can cause blockage to the arteries that can lead to the brain that can cause a stroke.
They are three types of diabetes:
- Type 1 diabetes: Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. In the condition, the immune system attacks the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas and destroys them. The pancreas then produces little or no insulin daily to life long.
- Type 2 diabetes: Type 2 diabetes is the common form of diabetes. Almost 90-95% of the people who are suffering from diabetes have type 2 diabetes. Like myself. This form of diabetes is usually associated with age, obesity, family history of diabetes, previous history of gestational diabetes, lack of physical activity. Type 2 diabetes is increasingly being diagnosed in children and adolescents. I believe I got my diabetes through family history because I’m obese, I was extremely active when I was a kid. In high school, I used to play sports and I walked to school every morning and I walked home after practice. When I first move in town, I used to walk back and forth to work. Then on my days off, I used to play basketball. Even today, I’ve been very active. I walk to the bus stop. When I get off the bus I have ways to walk to get to my destination.
- Gestational diabetes: Gestational diabetes develops during the women’s pregnancy and it is common among women who have a family history of diabetes. Women who had gestational diabetes have up to 50% chance of developing type 2 diabetes within 5 to 10 years.
Symptoms of diabetes are as follows:
- Diabetes is a characterized by constant high levels of blood sugar. Insulin helps keep the human body maintain blood sugar level.
- Symptoms of type 1 diabetes: Increased thirst and urination, constant hunger, weight loss, blurred vision, and extreme fatigue are major symptoms of type 1 diabetes.
- Symptoms of type 2 diabetes: Fatigue, nausea, frequent urination, unusual thirst, weight loss, blurred vision, frequent infections, and slow healing of wounds or sore.
I still have that big scar that everyone can see when I’m wearing shorts from that accident I had 6 years ago. I had an ulcer on me on my big toe for almost a year. I couldn’t do anything. I was supposed to take off work for a good period of time so the ulcer can heal right, but I’ve been on my feet a lot. I was in some serious pain. I had that for almost a year. At my day job, I had to sit on a stool. My night job I had to take frequent breaks. I had to do things for a living because I could not afford to take off.
Now back to the program:
The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), as a major federally funded study of 3234 people at high risk for diabetes, showed that people can delay and possibly prevent diabetes by losing weight through physical activities about 5 days a week and healthy eating.
Here are some tips to help you reduce the risk of diabetes:
- Check your risk of diabetes – Take the Life risk of assessment test and learn more about your risk developing type 2 diabetes.
- Manage your weight – Excess body fat, particularly around your abdomen, can increase the body resistance to the hormone insulin. This can lead up to type 2 diabetes.
- Exercise regularly – Moderate physical activity on most days of the week helps manage your weight, reduce blood glucose levels and may improve blood pressure and cholesterol.
- Eat a balanced, healthy diet – Reduce the amount of fat in your diet, especially saturated and trans fats. Eat more fruits and vegetables and high fiber foods. Cut back on salt.
- Limit takeaway and processed foods – Convenient meals are usually high in salt, fat, and kilojoules. It’s best to cook yourself using fresh ingredients whenever possible.
- Limit alcohol intake – Too much alcohol can lead to weight gain and make increase your blood pressure and triglyceride levels. Men should no more than two standard drinks a day and women should have no more than one.
- Quit Smoking – Smokers are twice as likely to develop diabetes as non-smokers.
- Control your blood pressure – Most people can do this by exercising regularly, a balanced diet, and keeping a healthy weight. In some case, you might need a doctor to prescribe you some medication to control your blood pressure.
- Reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease – Diabetes and cardiovascular disease has many risk factors in common, including obesity and physical inactivity.
- See your doctor for regular check-ups – As you get older, it’s a good idea to regularly check your blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels.
I did lots of these things that instructed me on here, but unfortunately, they are family history in all these health issues I have.